The wild ancestors of peas grew in the Mediterranean basin and over thousands of years were selected for their dry seeds. By the 3rd century BC peas were being grown by the ancient Greeks and in the Middle Ages field peas kept the population fed in years of near famine. Fresh, or garden, peas first started to be consumed in the 17th century and split peas developed late in the 19th century.
This crop does not transplant well so make sure to direct seed in your garden as soon as the soil can be worked (about 2 weeks before the last expected frost date).
As this plant grows it may need support in the form of a trellis to keep the vines off the ground. You won't need to fertilize this crop in order to get a healthy yield.